What Is Singapore’s Coldest Month?


Singapore’s climate does not fluctuate wildly, given its position just off the equator, showcasing a consistent tropical climate. Temperatures in Singapore are fairly stable throughout the year with the mercury hovering around the high twenties to low thirties degree Celsius mark. Despite the minor variations, there is a period in the year where the temperatures are slightly cooler.

While the notion of a cold month is relative in tropical climates, Singapore does experience cooler weather around the end of the year. Historically, the lowest temperature recorded in Singapore was 19 degrees Celsius on 14 February 1989. This cool weather can be attributed to the northeast monsoon, which usually occurs from December to early March and brings slightly cooler and wetter conditions.

It’s important to note that being near the equator, Singapore does not experience winters as the temperate regions do. Instead, the distinction between months is determined primarily by precipitation levels rather than temperature. So while seeking the coldest month, visitors should prepare for warm weather throughout the year with intermittent rainfall, particularly during the monsoon season.

Singapore’s Climate Overview

Singapore has a tropical rainforest climate, characterised by uniformly high temperatures and humidity levels throughout the year.


Temperature and Humidity

In Singapore, the daily temperature on average ranges from a minimum of 23-25°C at night to a maximum of 31-33°C during the day. Humidity is consistently high, with an average of around 80%. This combination of heat and moisture can make the climate feel quite intense, particularly to those not acclimatised to tropical environments.

Monsoon Seasons

Singapore experiences two distinct Monsoon Seasons: the Northeast Monsoon and the Southwest Monsoon. The Northeast Monsoon, from December to early March, typically brings more rainfall, particularly during the monsoon surge periods when heavy rain is common. Conversely, the Southwest Monsoon season, from June to September, usually has less rainfall but can include short-duration thundery showers and dry spells.

Historical Weather Patterns

The climate data of Singapore indicates specific patterns in temperature and rainfall, revealing the coldest and wettest months.

Record Temperatures

Historically, Singapore experiences its lowest temperatures during the months of December and January. The lowest daily maximum temperature recorded was 25.5°C on 15 May 1934 at climate stations both in Ang Mo Kio and at Mount Faber. Conversely, May typically has the highest average monthly temperature with a 24-hour mean of 28.6°C.

Rainfall Trends

December stands out not only as one of the coolest but also as the wettest month in Singapore, indicative of the monsoon season which brings significant rain to the island. Singapore’s weather patterns remain fairly humid and receive relatively consistent levels of sunshine throughout the year, yet variations in rainfall do occur, influencing the overall climate experience.


Coldest Months in Singapore

Singapore’s proximity to the equator means that the temperature variations throughout the year are minimal. However, the coldest months are typically from December to early January, during the Northeast Monsoon season.

Average Monthly Temperatures

Singapore experiences relatively consistent temperatures year-round. Below is a table of the average temperatures for the cooler part of the year:

Month Average Low Temperature (°C) Average High Temperature (°C)
December 23 31
January 23 30
February 24 32

December and January have slightly lower temperatures compared to other months, with average lows hovering around 23°C and highs around 31°C.

Factors Affecting Cold Spells

While Singapore does not experience cold in the traditional sense, there are certain factors that can lead to cooler spells:

  • Monsoon seasons: The Northeast Monsoon, occurring from December to March, can bring slightly cooler and wetter weather to Singapore.
  • Rainfall: Increased rainfall during the Northeast Monsoon can lead to a decrease in daily high temperatures.
  • Wind patterns: Certain wind patterns during the Northeast Monsoon can bring cooler air from the north, affecting local temperatures.

It is important to note that ‘cold spells’ in Singapore are relative and do not equate to the cold winter months experienced in temperate regions.


Implications of Cold Weather

In Singapore, cooler weather can have various effects on daily life, particularly in the areas of travel and tourism, as well as health and comfort.

Travel and Tourism

During colder months, tourists might find Singapore’s outdoor attractions like parks more enjoyable due to the reduced heat. Travel may see a slight uptick as visitors take advantage of the cooler climate to explore open-air venues such as the Singapore Food Festival or the Great Singapore Sale. However, unexpected cold spells can also dissuade tourists from participating in water-based activities, which might impact businesses reliant on coastal tourism.

Health and Comfort

Colder weather could lead to increased comfort for residents and visitors who typically struggle with Singapore’s usual humid climate. Hotels may notice a preference for rooms without air conditioning as guests seek natural ventilation. On the other hand, a drop in temperature might pose health risks for the elderly or individuals with poor thermal regulation, necessitating additional health care services or measures to stay warm.

Best Practices for Visiting Singapore

When planning a trip to Singapore, timing is key. Best Time to Visit Singapore generally falls between February and April, during the dry season, when there is less rainfall. December and January tend to be the wettest months, while May and June can be very hot. To experience optimal weather, aim for a visit during the drier window.

Climate Considerations should not be overlooked. Paya Lebar, a climate station located in the eastern part of Singapore, records temperatures and weather patterns that reflect the island’s tropical climate. Expect high humidity and temperatures above 30°C throughout the year.


When choosing Hotels, consider the proximity to attractions, dining options, and public transportation. Accommodations range from budget-friendly lodging to luxury stays. Booking in advance is advisable as Singapore is a popular year-round destination.

The Singapore Food Festival typically held in July, is a celebration of the area’s culinary delights. This is a great time to visit for food enthusiasts eager to taste authentic local dishes such as chilli crab and Hainanese chicken rice.

Month Climate Feature
Feb – Apr Lower rainfall
May – Jun Higher temperatures
Jul Food Festival
Dec – Jan Higher rainfall

Travel Tips:

  • Stay hydrated due to high humidity.
  • Always carry sunscreen and a hat for protection against the sun.
  • Public transport is reliable; get an EZ-Link card for convenience.
  • Be ready for rain any time of the year; a compact umbrella can be handy.

By adhering to these simple guidelines, travellers can ensure a pleasant and enjoyable visit to Singapore, taking into consideration the weather patterns and cultural events.

You may also like…

Singapore Weather: An Insightful Guide to the City-State’s Climate Patterns

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Annie Goh

Annie Goh was born and raised in Singapore, and grew up on a steady diet of hawker food, fine dining, and everything in between thanks to her parent's passion for food and adventure. After spending the early part of her career travelling the world, Annie has now come home to share her love of Singapore with the world.

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